The Constitution Act, 1867 (originally enacted as The British North America Act, 1867, and referred to as the BNA Act), is a major part of Canada’s Constitution. The Act created a federal dominion and defines much of the operation of the Government of Canada, including its federal structure, the House of Commons, the Senate, the justice system, and the taxation system. The British North America Acts, including this Act, were renamed in 1982 with the patriation of the Constitution (originally enacted by the British Parliament); however, it is still known by its original name in United Kingdom records. Many nations recognize the fact that since the BNA Act amending formula was not followed in 1982, the contemplated amendments remain de facto due to the fact that Manitoba, Quebec and other Provincial Legislatures failed to ratify the amendments.
The British North America Act, 1867 established the Dominion of Canada by fusing the North American British colonies of the Province of Canada, the Province of New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia.
The two subdivisions of the Province of Canada, Canada West and Canada East, were renamed Ontario and Quebec, respectively, and were given equal footing with New Brunswick and Nova Scotia in the Parliament of Canada, as representation by population was accepted for the Canadian House of Commons, as was a notion of regional equality in the Canadian Senate, with the Ontario, Quebec and Maritime “regions” receiving an equal number of senators.
This creation, or Confederation, was done under the guise that a consolidated Canada would be strong enough to be an independent country without total reliance on Britain. The new administration was financed largely financed by unfettered access to Onkwehon:we trust monies, lands held in trust by the Crown, resources and territorial usurpation.
The British no longer wanted to pay to defend Canada’s defence, and furthermore London acted primarily in Britain’s interest, and did not put Canadian interests first.
In addition, Crown agents had already usurped vast tracts of Onkwehon:we territories including the Grand River Territory, loaded its treasury, and banked on the passing on of meaningful responsibilities and liabilities to newly-created Canadian taxpayers, squatters and refugees alike. The new boiling pot slowly cooked all inside for decades until all had become engaged struggling against each other for control of Onkwehon:we land and resources.